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ASP.NET User-Agent Sniffing

Pages running on ASP.NET might use UA sniffing to decide what content to return to browsers. You will need to ensure that hotfix is installed on your servers for ASP.NET to recognize IE11 as a browser that supports JavaScript. Without the hotfix's updated browser definition file, your pages might omit the script blocks from all pages sent to an IE11 client. See why UA-sniffing is evil?

  • 2836939 .NET 4 - Win7SP1/Win2K3SP2/Win2K8R2SP1/Win2K8SP2/VistaSP2/WinXPSP3
  • 2836940 .NET 3.5 SP1 - Win2K3SP2/Win2K8SP2/VistaSP2/WinXPSP3
  • 2836941 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win2K3SP2/WinXPSP3
  • 2836942 .NET 3.5 SP1 - Win7SP1/Win2K8R2SP1
  • 2836943 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win7SP1/Win2K8R2SP1
  • 2836945 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win2K8SP2/VistaSP2
  • 2836946 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win8RTM/WinRTRTM/Win2K12RTM
  • 2836947 .NET 3.5 SP1 - Win8RTM/WinRTRTM/Win2K12RTM


IE11's Default UA String

By default, Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 sends the following User-Agent string:

    Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Trident/7.0; rv:11.0) like Gecko

This string is deliberately designed to cause most UA-string sniffing logic to interpret it either Gecko or WebKit. This design choice was a careful one—the IE team tested many UA string variants to find out which would cause the majority of sites to “just work” for IE11 users.

Contrast this string with the old IE10 on Windows 8 UA string:

    Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.2; Trident/6.0)

Many websites would scan for the MSIE token and, if present, return non-standard markup which would not render properly in modern versions of IE.


DOM userAgent Property

Internet Explorer 11 continues the IE9 tradition of exposing extensible tokens in the navigator.userAgentproperty. For instance, by default this property returns the following on IE11/Win8.1:

    Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0E; .NET4.0C; rv:11.0) like Gecko

The .NET tokens here were pulled from the registry and allow JavaScript to detect that the .NET Framework is installed on the computer. (They’re a bit misleading because Windows 8.1 includes the 4.5 version of the Framework.)


Compatibility View

If the user chooses to render a site in Compatibility View (click Tools > Compatibility View Settings) then IE will send a User-Agent string that mimics Internet Explorer 7’s UA string:

    Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 6.3; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0E; .NET4.0C)

By default, sites in the Intranet Zone render in Compatibility view, so this is the User-Agent string they’ll see.


Compatibility View List

Internet Explorer 10 introduced the ability for the downloaded Compatibility View List to specify arbitrary UA strings on a per-site basis, to handle cases where a given website only works with a particular UA string.

If you use Fiddler to examine the XML of IE11’s Compatibility View List (e.g.https://iecvlist.microsoft.com/IE11/1375395130872/iecompatviewlist.xml) you will see that it contains a number of UA strings:

…each of which can be sent to a particular domain to help ensure that it renders properly in IE10+:

Obviously, maintaining Compatibility View Lists requires a significant investment on the part of the IE team—resources which could be used to implement more new standards, performance improvements, etc. Please please please: use feature detection rather than User-Agent sniffing.



출처 : blogs.msdn.com

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운영체제 (L,B,WIN)

Internet Explorer 11’s Many User-Agent Strings

by ·´″°³о♡ 날으는물고기 2013. 10. 29.

Internet Explorer 11’s Many User-Agent Strings

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ASP.NET User-Agent Sniffing

Pages running on ASP.NET might use UA sniffing to decide what content to return to browsers. You will need to ensure that hotfix is installed on your servers for ASP.NET to recognize IE11 as a browser that supports JavaScript. Without the hotfix's updated browser definition file, your pages might omit the script blocks from all pages sent to an IE11 client. See why UA-sniffing is evil?

  • 2836939 .NET 4 - Win7SP1/Win2K3SP2/Win2K8R2SP1/Win2K8SP2/VistaSP2/WinXPSP3
  • 2836940 .NET 3.5 SP1 - Win2K3SP2/Win2K8SP2/VistaSP2/WinXPSP3
  • 2836941 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win2K3SP2/WinXPSP3
  • 2836942 .NET 3.5 SP1 - Win7SP1/Win2K8R2SP1
  • 2836943 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win7SP1/Win2K8R2SP1
  • 2836945 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win2K8SP2/VistaSP2
  • 2836946 .NET 2.0 SP2 - Win8RTM/WinRTRTM/Win2K12RTM
  • 2836947 .NET 3.5 SP1 - Win8RTM/WinRTRTM/Win2K12RTM


IE11's Default UA String

By default, Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 sends the following User-Agent string:

    Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Trident/7.0; rv:11.0) like Gecko

This string is deliberately designed to cause most UA-string sniffing logic to interpret it either Gecko or WebKit. This design choice was a careful one—the IE team tested many UA string variants to find out which would cause the majority of sites to “just work” for IE11 users.

Contrast this string with the old IE10 on Windows 8 UA string:

    Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.2; Trident/6.0)

Many websites would scan for the MSIE token and, if present, return non-standard markup which would not render properly in modern versions of IE.


DOM userAgent Property

Internet Explorer 11 continues the IE9 tradition of exposing extensible tokens in the navigator.userAgentproperty. For instance, by default this property returns the following on IE11/Win8.1:

    Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0E; .NET4.0C; rv:11.0) like Gecko

The .NET tokens here were pulled from the registry and allow JavaScript to detect that the .NET Framework is installed on the computer. (They’re a bit misleading because Windows 8.1 includes the 4.5 version of the Framework.)


Compatibility View

If the user chooses to render a site in Compatibility View (click Tools > Compatibility View Settings) then IE will send a User-Agent string that mimics Internet Explorer 7’s UA string:

    Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 6.3; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0E; .NET4.0C)

By default, sites in the Intranet Zone render in Compatibility view, so this is the User-Agent string they’ll see.


Compatibility View List

Internet Explorer 10 introduced the ability for the downloaded Compatibility View List to specify arbitrary UA strings on a per-site basis, to handle cases where a given website only works with a particular UA string.

If you use Fiddler to examine the XML of IE11’s Compatibility View List (e.g.https://iecvlist.microsoft.com/IE11/1375395130872/iecompatviewlist.xml) you will see that it contains a number of UA strings:

…each of which can be sent to a particular domain to help ensure that it renders properly in IE10+:

Obviously, maintaining Compatibility View Lists requires a significant investment on the part of the IE team—resources which could be used to implement more new standards, performance improvements, etc. Please please please: use feature detection rather than User-Agent sniffing.



출처 : blogs.msdn.com

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