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  1. 2009.12.17 Redis Command Reference
2009. 12. 17. 19:50

Redis Command Reference

memcached 류의 Key-Value 모델 이상의 역할을 수행하는 것이 가능하다.

PHP와 Redis만으로 (즉, 별도의 Database 등을 사용하지 않고) 개발되고 있다.

 

Every command name links to a specific wiki page describing the behavior of the command.

Connection handling

  • QUIT close the connection
  • AUTH simple password authentication if enabled

Commands operating on all the kind of values

  • EXISTS key test if a key exists
  • DEL key delete a key
  • TYPE key return the type of the value stored at key
  • KEYS pattern return all the keys matching a given pattern
  • RANDOMKEY return a random key from the key space
  • RENAME oldname newname rename the old key in the new one, destroing the newname key if it already exists
  • RENAMENX oldname newname rename the old key in the new one, if the newname key does not already exist
  • DBSIZE return the number of keys in the current db
  • EXPIRE set a time to live in seconds on a key
  • TTL get the time to live in seconds of a key
  • SELECT index Select the DB having the specified index
  • MOVE key dbindex Move the key from the currently selected DB to the DB having as index dbindex
  • FLUSHDB Remove all the keys of the currently selected DB
  • FLUSHALL Remove all the keys from all the databases

Commands operating on string values

  • SET key value set a key to a string value
  • GET key return the string value of the key
  • GETSET key value set a key to a string returning the old value of the key
  • MGET key1 key2 ... keyN multi-get, return the strings values of the keys
  • SETNX key value set a key to a string value if the key does not exist
  • MSET key1 value1 key2 value2 ... keyN valueN set a multiple keys to multiple values in a single atomic operation
  • MSETNX key1 value1 key2 value2 ... keyN valueN set a multiple keys to multiple values in a single atomic operation if none of the keys already exist
  • INCR key increment the integer value of key
  • INCRBY key integer increment the integer value of key by integer
  • DECR key decrement the integer value of key
  • DECRBY key integer decrement the integer value of key by integer

Commands operating on lists

  • RPUSH key value Append an element to the tail of the List value at key
  • LPUSH key value Append an element to the head of the List value at key
  • LLEN key Return the length of the List value at key
  • LRANGE key start end Return a range of elements from the List at key
  • LTRIM key start end Trim the list at key to the specified range of elements
  • LINDEX key index Return the element at index position from the List at key
  • LSET key index value Set a new value as the element at index position of the List at key
  • LREM key count value Remove the first-N, last-N, or all the elements matching value from the List at key
  • LPOP key Return and remove (atomically) the first element of the List at key
  • RPOP key Return and remove (atomically) the last element of the List at key
  • RPOPLPUSH srckey dstkey Return and remove (atomically) the last element of the source List stored at _srckey_ and push the same element to the destination List stored at _dstkey_

Commands operating on sets

  • SADD key member Add the specified member to the Set value at key
  • SREM key member Remove the specified member from the Set value at key
  • SPOP key Remove and return (pop) a random element from the Set value at key
  • SMOVE srckey dstkey member Move the specified member from one Set to another atomically
  • SCARD key Return the number of elements (the cardinality) of the Set at key
  • SISMEMBER key member Test if the specified value is a member of the Set at key
  • SINTER key1 key2 ... keyN Return the intersection between the Sets stored at key1, key2, ..., keyN
  • SINTERSTORE dstkey key1 key2 ... keyN Compute the intersection between the Sets stored at key1, key2, ..., keyN, and store the resulting Set at dstkey
  • SUNION key1 key2 ... keyN Return the union between the Sets stored at key1, key2, ..., keyN
  • SUNIONSTORE dstkey key1 key2 ... keyN Compute the union between the Sets stored at key1, key2, ..., keyN, and store the resulting Set at dstkey
  • SDIFF key1 key2 ... keyN Return the difference between the Set stored at key1 and all the Sets key2, ..., keyN
  • SDIFFSTORE dstkey key1 key2 ... keyN Compute the difference between the Set key1 and all the Sets key2, ..., keyN, and store the resulting Set at dstkey
  • SMEMBERS key Return all the members of the Set value at key
  • SRANDMEMBER key Return a random member of the Set value at key

Commands operating on sorted sets (zsets, Redis version >= 1.1)

  • ZADD key score member Add the specified member to the Set value at key or update the score if it already exist
  • ZREM key member Remove the specified member from the Set value at key
  • ZRANGE key start end Return a range of elements from the sorted set at key
  • ZREVRANGE key start end Return a range of elements from the sorted set at key, exactly like ZRANGE, but the sorted set is ordered in traversed in reverse order, from the greatest to the smallest score
  • ZRANGEBYSCORE key min max Return all the elements with score >= min and score <= max (a range query) from the sorted set
  • ZCARD key Return the cardinality (number of elements) of the sorted set at key
  • ZSCORE key element Return the score associated with the specified element of the sorted set at key
  • ZREMRANGEBYSCORE key min max Remove all the elements with score >= min and score <= max from the sorted set

Sorting

  • SORT key BY pattern LIMIT start end GET pattern ASC|DESC ALPHA Sort a Set or a List accordingly to the specified parameters

Persistence control commands

  • SAVE Synchronously save the DB on disk
  • BGSAVE Asynchronously save the DB on disk
  • LASTSAVE Return the UNIX time stamp of the last successfully saving of the dataset on disk
  • SHUTDOWN Synchronously save the DB on disk, then shutdown the server
  • BGREWRITEAOF Rewrite the append only file in background when it gets too big

Remote server control commands

  • INFO Provide information and statistics about the server
  • MONITOR Dump all the received requests in real time
  • SLAVEOF Change the replication settings

출처 : http://code.google.com/p/redis

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